VJ Day, or Victory over Japan Day, marks the day Japan surrendered on the finish of World Struggle II. Whereas VE Day marked the tip of the struggle in Europe in Could 1945, many 1000’s of Armed Forces personnel had been nonetheless concerned in bitter combating within the Far East.

An estimated 71,000 troopers from Britain and the Commonwealth died within the struggle towards Japan, together with greater than 12,000 prisoners of struggle who died in Japanese captivity.

A nationwide second of silence will happen at 11am on August 15.

The Purple Arrows will even take to the skies in a UK-wide flypast.

The Duke of Cambridge will function in ‘VJ Day 75: The Nation’s Tribute,’ a particular programme filmed at Horse Guards Parade that will likely be broadcast on BBC One.

Throughout his victory speech, King George VI mentioned: “The struggle is over. , I feel, that these 4 phrases have for the Queen and myself the identical significance, easy but immense, that they’ve for you.

“Our hearts are full to overflowing, as are your personal. But there’s not one in all us who has skilled this horrible struggle who doesn’t realise that we will really feel its inevitable penalties lengthy after we’ve all forgotten our rejoicings of immediately.”

At midnight, the British Prime Minister Clement Atlee confirmed the information in a broadcast saying, “The final of our enemies is laid low.”

To crowds gathered exterior the White Home, President Truman mentioned: “That is the day we’ve been ready for since Pearl Harbor.”

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“Seeing them come down the gangway within the state they had been in was horrible. I shall always remember that.”

She added: “I’m very happy with what my husband did, however I’m additionally happy with all of the individuals who by no means got here again.”

Excerpts from British newspapers on the time doc the response at house, when widespread celebrations happened.

The Birmingham Gazette described a few of the scenes: “Kids had been perched precariously within the branches of the bushes in St Phillips Churchyard and occupied a lot of the window-ledges alongside the road, folks of all ages – even aged ladies had been standing shoulder to shoulder on the flat roofs of the road air raid shelters; younger males, ladies and kids even contrived to retain a vantage level on the highest of the scanty bus shelters on the stopping locations.”

The Highway to Mandalay by Rudyard Kipling was a favorite marching tune for a lot of within the 14th Military in Burma, commanded by Discipline Marshal Lord Slim throughout the marketing campaign. It reads:

By the outdated Moulmein Pagoda, lookin’ lazy on the sea,
There is a Burma woman a-settin’, and I do know she thinks o’ me;
For the wind is within the palm-trees, and the temple-bells they are saying:
“Come you again, you British soldier; come you again to Mandalay! “
Come you again to Mandalay,
The place the outdated Flotilla lay:
Cannot you ‘ear their paddles chunkin’ from Rangoon to Mandalay ?
On the highway to Mandalay,
The place the flyin’-fishes play,
An’ the daybreak comes up like thunder outer China ‘crost the Bay!
‘Er petticoat was yaller an’ ‘er little cap was inexperienced,
An’ ‘er identify was Supi-yaw-lat – jes’ the identical as Theebaw’s Queen,
An’ I seed her first a-smokin’ of a whackin’ white cheroot,
An’ a-wastin’ Christian kisses on an ‘eathen idol’s foot:
Bloomin’ idol made o’ mud
Wot they known as the Nice Gawd Budd
Plucky lot she cared for idols after I kissed ‘er the place she stud!
On the highway to Mandalay…

When the mist was on the rice-fields an’ the solar was droppin’ sluggish,
She’d git ‘er little banjo an’ she’d sing “Kulla-lo-lo!
With ‘er arm upon my shoulder an’ ‘er cheek agin my cheek
We useter watch the steamers an’ the hathis pilin’ teak.
Elephints a-pilin’ teak
Within the sludgy, squdgy creek,
The place the silence ‘ung that ‘eavy you was ‘arf afraid to talk!
On the highway to Mandalay…

However that is all shove be’ind me – way back an’ fur away
An’ there ain’t no ‘busses runnin’ from the Financial institution to Mandalay;
An’ I am learnin’ ‘ere in London what the ten-year soldier tells:
“If you happen to’ve ‘eard the East a-callin’, you will not by no means ‘eed naught else.”
No! you will not ‘eed nothin’ else
However them spicy garlic smells,
An’ the sunshine an’ the palm-trees an’ the tinkly temple-bells;
On the highway to Mandalay…

I’m sick o’ wastin’ leather-based on these gritty pavin’-stones,
An’ the blasted English drizzle wakes the fever in my bones;
Tho’ I walks with fifty ‘ousemaids outer Chelsea to the Strand,
An’ they talks lots o’ lovin’, however wot do they perceive?
Beefy face an’ grubby ‘and –
Legislation! wot do they perceive?
I’ve a neater, sweeter maiden in a cleaner, greener land!
On the highway to Mandalay…

Ship me somewheres east of Suez, the place one of the best is just like the worst,
The place there aren’t no Ten Commandments an’ a person can increase a thirst;
For the temple-bells are callin’, an’ it is there that I’d be
By the outdated Moulmein Pagoda, trying lazy on the sea;
On the highway to Mandalay,
The place the outdated Flotilla lay,
With our sick beneath the awnings once we went to Mandalay!
O the highway to Mandalay,
The place the flyin’-fishes play,
An’ the daybreak comes up like thunder outer China ‘crost the Bay !